Contraception is a method of preventing sperm from fertilizing an egg, thereby preventing pregnancy. Contraception is available to anyone who is sexually active and willing to use it.
To select the best method of contraception, it is critical to first discuss it with your healthcare provider, regardless of cost, safety, or adverse reactions. The method you select is determined by your health and lifestyle. Some methods are 99 percent effective, and others offer protection against sexually transmitted diseases (STD).
Methods of Contraception:
- Barriers as condoms and diaphragms
- Intra Uterine Implants (IUD)
- Depo-Provera injections
- Permanent contraception as vasectomy or tubal ligation
- Emergency contraceptive pill
- Natural contraceptive method or family planning
How to Choose the Best Method?
To choose the best method for you, you must first understand the differences between each method. You must weigh the pros and cons of each method, as well as how well it fits into your life and your goals. Be sure to consult your physician before making a decision.
They are prescribed by a doctor and should be taken at the same time every day. If used properly, they are 99 percent effective. This is attributed to the reason that they prevent ovulation and thicken the cervical mucus, which makes it very difficult for the sperm to reach the uterus. In addition, they do not offer protection against STDs and may cause side effects in some people. Before beginning any pills, you should consult with a doctor.
Their role is to form a barrier that prevents sperm from entering the uterus. Male condoms are made of latex and are not reusable. The diaphragms are made of rubber and should remain in place for at least 6 hours following the relationship. When used correctly, they have a 94 percent effectiveness rate. They are the only method that provides protection against STDs.
- Intra Uterine Implants (IUD)
It is a small device that a doctor inserts into the uterus. It can stay for up to 5 years and is easily removed. Their role is to alter the uterine lining, making it nearly impossible for fertilized eggs to cling to the uterine wall. It is effective in 99 percent of cases. They can cause side effects such as headaches and heavy periods. They do not provide protection against STDs.
- Depo-Provera Injections
They are long-acting injectable hormones that prevent ovulation and increase cervical mucus production. They have a lifespan of 12 weeks. They do not provide protection against STDs.
- Permanent Contraception or Sterilization
It is a permanent surgical procedure that necessitates the intervention of a doctor. Since this method is irreversible, the couple should discuss it in detail before deciding to proceed. It involves blocking the female's fallopian tubes, preventing the egg from passing to the uterus. Male sterilization entails blocking the tubes that connect the testes to the penis. This method does not provide protection against STDs.
- Emergency Contraceptive Pills (The "Morning After" Pill)
This method is used as an emergency method to prevent pregnancy after sex. It prevents the egg from adhering to the uterine wall and also delays ovulation. It must be taken within 72 hours of having unprotected sex. This method does not provide protection against STDs.
- Family Planning
Menstrual cycle knowledge is required. Body temperature is monitored, calendar days are calculated and cervical mucus status is monitored, among other things. The effectiveness of this method varies between women and it does not protect against STDs.
Always seek your doctor's advice before using any of the contraceptive methods. Each technique may cause a different reaction for each woman. Discuss your options with your partner and find the most effective technique that fits your lifestyle.