Contraception is the way of preventing the sperm from fertilizing an egg, which in another way prevents pregnancy. Any person who is sexually active can get contraception.
To choose the best method of contraception, it is very important to discuss it first with your partner regardless of the price, safety, adverse reactions or trust. The method you choose depends on your health and lifestyle. Some methods are effective 99% and some provide also protection against sexual transmitted diseases (STD). Always ask a doctor before you decide which method to use.
Methods of Contraception:
- Barriers as condoms and diaphragms
- Intra Uterine Implants (IUD)
- Depo-Provera injections
- Permanent contraception as vasectomy or tubal ligation
- Emergency contraceptive pill
- Natural contraceptive method or family planning
How to Choose the Best Method?
To choose the best method that suits you, it requires your understanding of each method. You have to consider the pros and cons of each method and how does it suit your lifestyle. Discuss with your doctor before choosing.
They are prescribed by a doctor and should be taken daily at the same time. They are effective 99% if used correctly. They prevent ovulation and thicken the cervical mucus which makes it hard for the sperm to enter the uterus. They do not protect against STD’s and might have side effects. You should consult your doctor before starting any pill.
Their role is to create a barrier to stop the sperm from entering the uterus. The male condoms are made of latex and cannot be reused. The diaphragms are made of rubber and should stay in place for 6 hours after the relation. They are effective at 94% if used correctly. They are the only method that protects against STD’s.
3- Intra Uterine Implants (IUD)
It is a small device that is placed in the uterus by a doctor. It can stay for 5 years and can be easily removed. Their role is to change the uterus lining and make it impossible for the fertilized eggs to stick on the uterine wall. It is effective for 99%. They can create side effects as headache or heavy periods. They do not protect against STD’s.
4- Depo-Provera Injections
They are long acting injectable hormones that prevent ovulation and create thick cervical mucus. They can last for 12 weeks. They do not protect against STD’s.
5- Permanent Contraception or Sterilization
It is a permanent surgical procedure that requires a doctor intervention. The couple should discuss this method thoroughly since it is irreversible. It consists of blocking the fallopian tubes of a female, preventing the egg from passing to the uterus. In the male sterilization, it consists of blocking the tubes that passes from the testes to the penis. This method does not protect against STD’s.
6- Emergency Contraceptive Pills
This method is used as emergency method to prevent pregnancy after sex. It stops the egg from sticking to the uterine wall and delays ovulation also. It should be taken within 72 hours after unprotected sex. This method does not protect against STD’s.
7- Family Planning
It is based on the understanding of the menstrual cycle. It includes monitoring of the body temperature, calendar days calculations and cervical mucus status. This method effectiveness varies between women and does not protect against STD’s.
Always remember that before choosing any of the contraceptive methods, seek your doctor opinion. Each woman can react differently with each method. Discuss with your partner and decide together for the best method that suits your lifestyle.